Free Settler or Felon

Newcastle History

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1791 Discovery of Coal by escaping convicts in 1791
1793 Launch of the Francis
1797 Hunter River Discovered 1797
1800 Discovery of Lake Macquarie
1800 Pirates Seize the Norfolk
1801 Lieutenant James Grant
1801 Expedition to the Hunter River
1801 Ensign Barrallier
1801 Caley, George - Botanist. Expedition to the Hunter River
1801 John Harris, surgeon. Expedition to the Hunter River
1801 Colliers Point and the First Settlement at Newcastle
1802 Early Convict Coal Miners
1804 Castle Hill Rebellion
1804 Second Settlement
1804 Lieutenant Charles Menzies - Royal Marine. Commandant at Newcastle 1804
1804 James Mileham, surgeon
1804 Convicts from the Castle Hill Rebellion
1804 John Tucker - Appointed Store keeper at Newcastle in 1804
1804 Thomas Brady - Irish rebel
1804 Cedar Getters - Correspondence from Lieut. Menzies re the difficulties of procuring cedar
1804 Description of the fate of Convict Pirates at the hand of natives near Newcastle
1804 Charles Throsby. Assistant surgeon and magistrate at Newcastle
1804 Thomas Desmond - bushranger
1804 Robert Brown - botanist
1805 Instructions to Ensign Draffen
1805 Charles Throsby to Newcastle on the Francis in March
1805 Lieut. William Lawson Temporary Commandant
1806 John Fitzgerald - bushranger
1806 Pirates at Newcastle - The fate of convict escapees
1807 Government Rules - to prevent prisoners having any contact with the outside world
1808 Lime Burners Gang
1808 George Crossley - Arrived on the Hillsborough in 1799.
1808 William Gore - convict
1808 Sir Henry Browne Hayes - convict
1808 Murder at Newcastle
1809 Lieutenant William Lawson, Commandant
1809 Thomas Crump - Boat builder. Arrived on the Surprize in 1794
1810 Governor Macquarie's Notice re free pardons
1810 Correspondence of Lieut Lawson re state of the settlement
1810 Roger Farrell's Correspondence re injustices he had suffered at Newcastle
1810 Newcastle Penal Settlement - Under command of Lieut. John Purcell of 73rd Regiment
1810 William Evans - appointed assistant surgeon in 1810
1811 Lieut. Thomas Skottowe, Commandant
1811 James Hardy Vaux wrote his Memoirs including the Vocabulary of the Flash Language
1811 Garrett Armstrong - bushranger
1811 Governor Macquarie's Tour of Inspection
1812 William Harrison Craig - Convict artist, arrived on the Guildford in 1812.
1813 Convict Assignment and Punishment - Government Orders
1814 Pirates Seize the Speedwell
1814 Walter Preston - Engraver
1814 William Eckford - harbour pilot
1814 Thompson, Lieutenant Thomas - 46th regt., Commandant at Newcastle 1814 - 1816
1815 Newcastle Port Regulations
1815 Drowned in the Hunter River
1815 Joseph Lycett - Convict artist
1815 Gentleman John Smith - sent to Newcastle in 1815
1816 Newcastle Gaol
1816 Captain James Wallis - Commandant
1816 Henry Wrensford - Newcastle's first school master
1816 Shipwrecks at Newcastle
1816 The brig Kangaroo arrived at Newcastle
1817 Francis Beattie - Innkeeper
1817 Death of Private Peter Connachton
1818 Major James Thomas Morisset, Commandant
1818 Governor Macquarie's Visit to Newcastle
1818 A Description of Newcastle Aboriginal people - By traveller W.B. Cramp
1820 James McGreavy - innkeeper
1820 Frederick Dixon arrived in Newcastle
1820 Boatbuilder - Fortisco de Santo
1820 Abraham Fenton - Appointed Assistant Surgeon at Newcastle
1820 Newcastle in 1820 - Newspaper Extracts - Death of Burrigan in October
1820 Coal Fire Beacon at Newcastle built when E.C. Close was employed as Engineer at Newcastle
1820 Botany Bay Hero, Michael Keane arrived on the Seaflower in 1820
1821 Christ Church opened for service
1821 John Bingle arrived as second officer on the convict ship Minerva
1821 Alexander Livingstone arrived as chief officer on the Jessie
1821 Rev. George Augustus Middleton appointed to Newcastle
1821 William Smith - overseer of boat builders. Arrived on ship Larkins in 1817
1821 Edward C. Close, engineer of Public Works
1822 Henry Dangar surveyed the streets in 1822 - 1823
1822 George Brooks appointed assistant surgeon at Newcastle
1822 Bells played an important part in the lives of our ancestors
1822 Convicts at Newcastle in 1822 - Newspaper extracts
1822 A List of Buildings at Newcastle
1822 Cottage Creek
1822 Convicts from Penal settlement moved to Port Macquarie
1823 Henry Gillman - Commandant
1824 Newcastle in 1824 - Newcastle Extracts
1824 Lieutenant Thomas Owen Engineer of Public Works and Naval Officer
1824 Francis Allman - Commandant
1825 Newcastle in 1825 - Newspaper Extracts
1825 Rev. Lancelot Threlkeld - permitted to reside at the government cottage at Newcastle
1825 Pirates Seize the cutter Eclipse
1825 Charles Hughes assistant-pilot
1825 Horse Patrols and the Mounted Police
1826 Gregory Blaxland opened salt works
1826 Explosion at Newcastle - children killed
1826 A description of Newcastle and Maitland
1826 Attempt to Seize the Gurnett
1826 Duncan Forbes Mackay Superintendent of Public Works at Newcastle in 1826
1827 Old convict barracks
1827 Signal Flags at Newcastle - township was lacking in government funding.
1827 Samuel Wright - Superintendent of Police at Newcastle
1828 The Bank of Newcastle - First Provincial Bank established in the Colony
1828 Newcastle Publicans
1828 Newcastle in 1828
1828 Richard Binder - Innkeeper
1828 James and Nancy McClymont - innkeepers
1828 Arnold Fisk - harbour master and pilot
1829 Newcastle in 1829
1829 Alexander Walker Scott Granted 2560 acres of land at Ash Island in 1829
1830s Cumberland at Newcastle
1830 Female Factory at Newcastle
1830 James Reid resided at Newcastle 1830s and 1840s
1830 Australian Agricultural Company
1830 Sea Grave Yard
1830 Executions at Newcastle, Maitland and the Hunter Valley in 1830s and 1840s
1831 John Butler Hewson - constable and innkeeper
1831 First Mine at Newcastle - A. A. Company
1831 A. A. Company miners
1831 Hunter River Steamers
1831 Sophie Jane Steamer - a voyage to Newcastle on the Sophie Jane
1831 Commander Edward Biddulph
1831 Rev. Charles Pleydell Neale Wilton appointed to the chaplaincy at Newcastle
1833 Governor Bourke to Newcastle
1833 William Cromarty - pilot
1834 John Field - gaoler
1835 William Atkinson - bushranger
1836 Governor Bourke to Newcastle
1836 Military Barracks at Newcastle
1837 James Henry Crummer - Magistrate at Newcastle 1837 - 1849
1837 George Jackson - harbour master and pilot
1838 Miner at Newcastle - refusal to work
1839 Frank the Poet arrived on the Eliza convict ship in 1832
1839 Richard Tasker Furlong, Engineer and Superintendent at No. 3 Stockade
1839 United States Exploring Expedition
1839 Wreck of the King William Steamer
1840s William Wilton, Medical Practitioner
1840 Robert Lorn Pattison - steam boat captain
1840 Cabbage Tree Hats
1841 The Old Court-house at Newcastle 1841 - 1900
1842 Bushrangers near Newcastle escape from the stockade
1843 Long Tom Forrester - Bushranger. Executed at Newcastle
1843 Stockton History and Links
1844 Governor Gipps' Visit to Newcastle
1844 Journal of a Voyage from Sydney to Newcastle and Maitland - by David Burn
1844 Edward Last, assistant engineer at Newcastle Stockade
1844 Miners' Arms
1845 George Elde Darby, Surveyor and Headmaster
1847 John Edward Stacy, Medical practitioner
1847 Reminiscences of George Priest - Description of Newcastle in 1840s and 1850s
1847 Alexander Gamack - Medical Practitioner and Surgeon at Newcastle
1849 Boom in shipping with advent of California fleet and gold discovery
1849 John Edward Newell Bull - Superintendent of the breakwater
1850 Obelisk erected on site of the old brick and stone windmill
1850 Richard Beacher - pilot
1851 Alexander Flood - innkeeper
1850s Reminiscences of Colin Christie
1850s Reminiscences of Albert Hudson and Robert Fleming
1850s Reminiscences Hugh Gilmour
1852 Report on the Sandhills at Newcastle
1853 Richard Ryther Steer Bowker
1853 Presbyterian Church St. Andrews opened on site of the first military barracks
1853 Branch of Bank of NSW opened
1854 Branch of Bank of Australasia opened
1854 Firsts warden of Newcastle District Council John Edward Stacey
1855 Iron gang and convict establishment abandoned
1855 Last of the Military left Newcastle
1855 No. 3 Battery Volunteer Artillery formed
1855 County Electors in Newcastle
1856 Port of Newcastle
1857 Railway between Newcastle and Maitland on March 30th
1858 Signal Staff at Newcastle
1858 Coal Mines at Newcastle by Henry T. Plews
1859 Incorporation of the City of Newcastle
1859 James Hannell elected first Mayor
1860s Reminiscences of James Charles Davies
1860s Reminiscences of Owen Ahern
1861 Cosby William Morgan - Honorary Medical Office - Newcastle Hospital
1861 Rob the Ranter - Observer and commentator
1861 Harbour Lights- leading lights at Newcastle
1861 Newcastle Lifeboats
1863 Old convict-built hospital converted from a gaol by Capt. Wallis, pulled down
1863 Ceremony for the laying of the Foundation stone of the Hunter-street Church
1865 New hospital built
1867 5000 persons in the borough
1867 Gas first turned on 29 October
1868 William Brooks Mayor of Newcastle
1870 Newcastle in 1870 - People and Places
1870 Joseph Walmsley - Innkeeper, City Arms
1870 W. A. Sparke Mayor Newcastle
1870 Adamstown History
1870 Remnants of the old Gaol pulled down
1871 Newcastle population 7581
1872 Post Office building in Watt street completed
1872 A. A. P. Tighe, Mayor of Newcastle
1875 John James Coombes, Convict Ship Captain and later wharfinger at Newcastle
1870s Reminiscences of Benjamin Joseph Oliver
1874 E. A. White, Mayor of Newcastle
1875 Gas street lighting commenced
1876 F. J. Shaw, Mayor of Newcastle
1877 Custom House Time-ball completed
1877 First asphalt paths laid
1877 George Wallace, Mayor of Newcastle
1878 Railway Station erected
1880 Samuel Chapman, Mayor of Newcastle
1880 City Baths
1880 Reminiscences of Watt Street, Newcastle
1881 Joseph Creer, Mayor of Newcastle
1881 Population of Newcastle 8986
1882 Thomas Brooks, Mayor of Newcastle
1883 William Laing, Mayor of Newcastle
1884 Stewart Keightley, Mayor of Newcastle
1885 Newcastle proclaimed a City
1885 C. W. Morgan, Mayor of Newcastle
1886 John Thorn, Mayor of Newcastle
1887 G. W. Webb, Mayor of Newcastle
1887 Tramway to Plattsburg. The first trip was on July 7th; there were three sections, Hamilton, Lambton and Plattsburg; The area around gaol hill was made the tram terminus
1888 Henry Buchanan, Mayor of Newcastle
1889 New hospital to be built
1890 Colin Christie, Mayor of Newcastle
1891 W. T. Gibb, Mayor of Newcastle
1892 J. R. Rodgers, Mayor of Newcastle
1893 A. F. Moore, Mayor of Newcastle
1894 Alfred Asher, Mayor of Newcastle
1895 Dr. May Harris - Newcastle's first female medical practitioner qualified in 1895
1895 W. B. Sharp, Mayor of Newcastle
1896 Thomas Smith, Mayor of Newcastle
1897 David Miller, Mayor of Newcastle
1901 Population of Newcastle 12,947
1916 A Last Farewell - Anzac Day at Newcastle
1922 Newcastle Baths officially opened in November 1922
1923 Fleming Brothers Reunion sons of Peter Fleming re-unite at Newcastle
1932 Newcastle of the Past
   
1947 Australia's Strongest Sports Centre