Free Settler or Felon
Convict and Colonial History

Alexander Walker Scott - Settler

Ash Island - Map 1

Birth: Mumbai in 1800
Ship of Arrival: Australia 1827
Land Grant: 2560 acres at Ash Island
Occupation: Entomologist; Entrepreneur
Marriage: Harriett Callcott 1846
Death: Paddington 1883

Alexander Walker Scott - State Library NSW
Alexander W. Scott - State Library NSW

ALEXANDER WALKER SCOTT WAS BORN in Mumbai in 1800. He arrived in Sydney on the Australia in 1827. He was a brother of Hunter Valley settlers Robert and Helenus Scott who arrived in the colony on the Britomart in 1822.

Alexander Walker Scott was granted 2560 acres of land at Ash Island in 1829.

A visitor to his homestead at Ash Island in 1834, after crossing by boat found a pretty house with a fine black swan, newly shot by the overseer, hanging above the entrance to the house. The house was surrounded by dense bush and tropical vegetation.

Alexander Scott was visited here by explorer Ludwig Leichhardt in 1842 and offered to clear 10 acres in the district, construct a cottage and establish a vineyard for Leichhardt.

Alexander Scott had a keen interest in natural sciences and was a supporter of the Australian Museum. Later his daughters Harriett and Helena, would prepare outstanding drawings of the flora and fauna on Ash Island.

Their life on Ash Island was not without excitement. In 1834 Lieutenant Zouch from Newcastle township was required to visit the area to quell natives who had gathered after one of their tribe had been shot by a constable. In 1842 settlers in the vicinity of Newcastle were warned to be prepared for a nocturnal attack after four prisoners and a soldier absconded from Newcastle, stealing a boat belonging to Mr. Scott at Ash Island. The men were said to be desperate and a 'strong party of gentlemen with some soldiery' were in pursuit of them. Select here to find out more about these bushrangers

Ash Island - Alexander Walker Scott John Laurio Platt Australian Agricultural Company Joseph Weller George Weller William Brooks Jonathon Warner George Brooks Richard Windeyer and Adam Beveridge William Peppercorn Richard Siddons John Maclean G.T. Graham William Sparke Henry Rae Vicars Jacob Francis Shortt Francis Moran John Eales William Bradridge Edward Sparke John Field George Thomas Graham Early Settler Map 1Map showing the location of A.W. Scott's estate at Ash Island


In 1834 Scott purchased 50 acres on Stockton Peninsular. It was very sandy and unable to be used for agricultural purposes. In partnership with his brother in law, James Mitchell, he began a salt making industry on the peninsular and later an iron foundry which in 1842 provided castings for the Australian Agricultural Company's pit engine. Pots were made for the boiling down of sheep and a boiler for the Hunter Brewery was being made by 1843. However this was a time of great economic downturn and Scott's iron foundry business did not survive. He continued his salt making venture and was advertising 70 tons of Stockton Salt for sale in 1847. In 1848 James Mitchell bought out Scott for £8320.


Alexander Scott was instrumental in establishing a copper smelter, firebrick works and textile factory in the area. Early in 1843 artisans and labourers had arrived at Stockton to begin constructing the textile works. He canvassed to represent in the Legislative Council in 1843 and stated then that he was 'an employer to a large extent of free labour - and had a constant desire for the advancement of the district and discouragement of foreign imports. At his own expense a line had been already surveyed and accurate levels taken for a railroad between Newcastle and Maitland. He had foreseen the advantages of steam and attempted to purchase a steam vessel for the Hunter before the first steamer 'Sophia Jane' arrived. This did not eventuate although later he was to contribute to the building of the steamer 'Ceres'.

Newcastle 1840's

In 1847 he was offering for sale from Ash Island 100 tons of prime Lucerne hay (hydraulic pressed and bound with iron or lashing), as well as 8000 large well-flavoured oranges and 10 tons of pumpkins. During these years Scott played an active part in Newcastle life. In 1836 he was treasurer of the newly formed Mechanics institute. In the 1840's he attended meetings at Christ Church and at the court house when Governor Gipps visited Newcastle. He also raced his boat in the Newcastle Regattas

In 1848 he advertised 'Deega Estate' and his Pacific Street, Newcastle property for sale. Deega estate was 2560 acres within two miles of Lake Macquarie. Abundantly watered with several flats of rich land suitable for agricultural purposes with an unlimited back run; The city property consisted of almost a quarter of an acre with a five roomed cottage.

Vine Dressers from Germany

In 1855 vine dressers from Germany were sponsered to come to Australia. Several families that arrived in Port Jackson on the Catteaux Wattel came to A. W. Scott at Ash Island:

Sebastian and Magdalena Bruckmann

Jacob and Catharina Frank

Joseph and Christina Edstein with their children Johan Joseph 13, Christina 7, Wilhelm 3.

Nicolaus and Elizabetha Edstein with their children Johan age 17, Benedict 15, Mary Anna 13, Johan age 10, Elizabetha

Johannes Klug with his children Catherine age 9, Peter age 5 and Anna Maria age 3. Johannes' wife Catherine died on the voyage out

Clemens and Elizabeth Kramer and their children Louis age 10, Anna age 8, Catherina age 5, Peter age 1. A daughter Elizabeth died age 3 on the voyage out

George and Annie Kraft and their children Theresa age 10, John age 9, Joseph age 8, Elizabeth age 5, Martin age 1. A daughter Barbara age 4 died on the voyage.

Jacob and Sophia Michel

Johan and Katherina Schneider and their children Francisca 15, Franc 13, Johan 9, Catherine 7, Phillip 4, Jacob 1.

Clara Schubach and her children Anna Maria age 24, Elizabeth 23, Johan 19, Henrich 16, Agnes 14, Catherina 9, Christina 5, Barbara 3.

Heinrich Schubach, husband of Clara died on the voyage out.

Johannes and Christina Weber and their children Johan Adolph 8, Christina 7, Peter 5, George Joseph 5, Maria Eva, an infant born on the voyage

Loonhard and Catherine Weidemeir and their children Christina 12, Franc Ludwig 9, Elizabetha Margaretta 7, Daniel 4. A daughter Jacobina died age 3 on the voyage out

Jacob and Maria Barteler and their childrren Sophia age 17, Valentine 15, Charles 7, Catherina 5. Daughter Franciska 2 died on the voyage

Henrich and Maria Cathereina Borig and their children Anna Maria 11, Henrietta 9 , Adolph 7, Johan George 4

Death of Harriet

On the 20 January 1866, Alexander Scott's wife Harriet, died unexpectedly. She was buried in Christ Church Cathedral burial ground. Later that year he was declared bankrupt.

Alexander W. Scott died of liver disease at Paddington on 1 November 1883. He was buried in the Anglican section of Waverley cemetery. His estate valued for probate at £1602, was left to his daughters and step-daughter Mary Ann Calcott.

Notes and Links

1). Select here to find out more about Alexander Walker Scott and some of the convicts who were assigned to him at Stockton and Ash Island

2). Islands in the lower Hunter River seen on the map above included Moscheto Island, Dempsey Island, Spit Island, Spectacle Island, Bullock Island and Walsh Island

3). Scott Street, Newcastle was named after Alexander Walker Scott


[1] Australian Dictionary of Biography