Free Settler or Felon 

Colonial Events


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Year Events
1788 Arrival of the First Fleet to Botany Bay; removal to Port Jackson; colony of NSW formally proclaimed
1789 Marines executed; outbreak of small pox; James Ruse's farm; return of the Sirius with supplies for the colony; wreck of the convict ship Guardian
1790 Sirius wrecked off Norfolk Island; first salt made at Dawe's Battery; arrival of the Second Fleet; Governor Phillip speared by Willemering.
1791 Escape from the colony of William and Mary Bryant; first land grant in Australia; arrival of the Third Fleet; commencement of whale fishery
1792 Arrival of convict ships Pitt, Royal Admiral and Kitty. Return to England of Governor Phillip and the NSW Marine Corp
1793 Arrival of convict ships Bellona and Sugar Cane; the vessel Francis launched in Sydney; John Macarthur granted 100 acres
1794 Arrival of convict ships William and Surprize. Attempt by Henry Hacking to cross the Blue Mountains
1795 Port Stephens surveyed by Charles Grimes; arrival in the colony of Governor Hunter; expeditions by Matthew Flinders and George Bass in the Tom Thumb
1796 Escape of Thomas Muir on the Americal ship Otter; bushranger Black Caesar shot and killed; arrival of convict ships Marquis Cornwallis and Indispensable
1797 Wreck of the Sydney Cove; arrival of the convict ships Britannia and Ganges; mutiny on the Lady Shore; Lieutenant John Shortland entered and named the Hunter River; departure of George Bass to explore the south coast.
1798 Wilson's Promontory sighted by George Bass; arrival of convict ships Barwell and Britannia
1799 Circumnavigaton of VDL completed by Bass and Flinders; arrival of convict ship Hillsborough
1800 Arrival of convict ships Minerva, Speedy, Friendship, Porpoise and Royal Admiral; entrance to Lake Macquarie discovered. Irish conspiracy uncovered; arrival of James Grant on the Lady Nelson
1801 Arrival of convict ships Anne, Earl Cornwallis, Canada, Minorca and Nile. Expedition to Hunter (Coal) River. Settlement established at Coal River (Newcastle)
1802 Attempt by George Caley to cross the Blue Mountains; Matthew Flinders encounter with Nicholas Baudin at Encounter Bay. Attempt by Francis Barrallier to cross the Blue Mountains; government settlement at Newcastle closed.
1803 Exploration of the site of Melbourne by Charles Grimes; Disappearance of George Bass; Cato and Porpoise wrecked
1804 Stone bridge built over the Tank Stream; government brewery at Parramatta; uprising of convicts at Castle Hill; Newcastle re-opened as a penal settlement
1805 Launch of the Governor Hunter; Lieut. Menzies resigned from position at Newcastle; loss of the Francis off Newcastle
1806 Catastrophic flooding at the Hawkesbury; arrival of William Bligh on the Lady Madeline.
1807 Report by Governor Bligh re the public buildings in Sydney; departure of Phillip Gidley King for England; John Tucker appointed storekeeper at Newcastle
1808 John Macarthur charged with sedition; Governor Bligh arrested
1809 William Lawson commandant at Newcastle; first post office in the colony established
1810 Lachlan Macquarie took up his appointment as Governor of NSW; Lieut. John Purcell appointed Commandant at Newcastle; death of Lieut-Governor Collins in VDL
1811 William Evans appointed surgeon at Newcastle; James Hardy Vaux to Newcastle; Lieut. Skottowe appointed Commandant at Newcastle; building of Sydney Hospital commenced
1812 Governor Macquarie visited Newcastle; Simeon Lord established a glass blowing shop; publication of select committee report into transportation
1813 Gregory Blaxland, William Lawson and William Charles Wentworth crossed the Blue Mountains opening up the interior of NSW for European settlement. John Macarthur sent the first wool exports to England. Holey dollar and dump became legal tender
1814 In 1814 the penal settlement at Norfolk Island was closed and Newcastle became the main repository for second time offenders; Arrival in the colony of 46th Regiment under command of Lieutenant - Colonel Molle
1815 Road westwards across the Blue Mountains completed under the superintendence of Lieut. William Cox; Government Notice - Permission from authorities needed to land at Newcastle
1816 Over 14,000 convicts transported to Colony by the end of the year; Survey of the Mouth of the Hunter River by Lieut. Charles Jeffreys
1817 Bank of New South Wales opened for business in Macquarie Place Sydney ; Expedition by John Oxley westward from Bathurst to explore inland plains.
1818 Orphan Institution for boys established in Sydney ; Government men to load boats with coal at Newcastle
1824 Australian Agricultural Co. formed in London; settlement at Moreton Bay
1827 Newcastle Wharf completed; departure of Allan Cunningham on expedition
1828 Holey dollar withdrawn from circulation; Westerport settlement abandoned

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