Free Settler or Felon
Convict and Colonial History

Notes on the Origins and Locations of Place Names

Newcastle Lake Macquarie Hunter Valley



Sadleir's Farm - 2560 acre grant to Lieut. Richard Sadleir

Sadler's Flat - Situated on William Brooks land at Lake Macquarie in 1835

Salamander Bay - named after the vessel Salamander explored Port Stephens in 1791

Salisbury - in the district of New England 17 miles from Murrurundi. Squattage of M.H. Marsh

Salisbury - Dungog district - named after the Cathedral City in Wiltshire, England [46]

Salt Ash - Co. of Gloucester. 13 miles E. of Raymond Terrace. Named after the suburb of Plymouth, Devon, England [46]

Salt Water Creek - Co. Durham, a small stream flowing into the southern part of Port Stephens

Salts Bay - Swansea. Site of a salt works built in mid 1800s

Salty Creek - Young Wallsend Map 1920. Also known as Sandy Bottom. Situated on the upper reaches of Cockle Creek

Sandhills - Early name for Newcastle East because of drifting sand

Sandgate - Co. Northumberland 6 miles from Newcastle. Site of Cemetery. Originally called Sandy Crossing. Named after a place in Kent, England [46]

Sandy Bottom. Situated on the upper reaches of Cockle Creek

Sandy Creek - a stream situated in Co. Durham; it flows into the Hunter River at St. Heliers

Sandy Creek (Moralgary?) - run at Liverpool Plains belonging to Joseph Hyam

Sandy Hollow, Maitland - situated between Hannan and Sempell Streets and was the site of the second bridge known in the old days as the Short Bridge

Sandy Hollow - located halfway between Denman and Merriwa

Sandy Island - Situated in Co. Gloucester at the entrance of Fullerton cove (1848). Now part of Kooragang

Sardine Box Row - In the vicinity of Wolfe Street Newcastle where Harry Rouse built terrace houses in 1850s

Satur - Estate of William Bell Carlylse. Situated in Co. Brisbane near the town of Scone. Named after his Scottish home [46]

Saumarez - in the district of New England near Armidale; Ten-hectare grazing property was first inhabited by British settlers led by Henry Dumaresq in the 1830s

Sawmill Bay - Arcadia Vale - one of the 3 bays in Eraring Bay ; named for G. Hawkins' sawmill which supplied most of the timber for housing in Arcadia Vale and Wangi

Sawyer's Gully - Cessnock district

Sawyer's Point - a village in the county of Gloucester on the Karuah river

Saxby - Also known as Back Creek - At the Barrington gold fields 1879. Named after the Saxby bros. who found gold there

Scarborough - former name for Bonnells Bay. Named after the seaside resort in Yorkshire, England [46]

Schank's Forest Plains - early name for Maitland. Named by Survey party of Lieut-Col William Paterson

Scone - parish situated in Co. Brisbane bounded on the E. by the parish of Macquarie; on the N. by the parish of Melbourne; and on the W. by Dartbrook

Scone - a town situated in county of Brisbane named after a place in Perthshire, Scotland

Scotchies - Natural waterhole at Barnsley

Scott St. Newcastle - Originally Beach st. The slaughter houses of the town were situated at the eastern end. First one by William Nicholson St. Re-named Scott st. after Alexander Walker Scott [3]

Scott's Flat - Singleton district

Seaham - Village in the county of Durham on the Williams River

Seaham - Parish situated in Co. Durham bounded on the E. by the Williams river; on the S. by the Hunter River; on the W. by Butterwick and on the N. by Uffington

Seal Rocks - Co. Gloucester - a cluster or rocky islets lying of the coast opposite Sugarloaf Point

Secret Bay - early name for Balmoral. Lake Macquarie

Sedgefield - a parish situated in Co. of Durham bounded on the N. by Dyrring; on the S. by the Hunter river; on the W. by Darlington; and on the E. by Marwood. Singleton district. Named after a place in Durham, England [46]

Segenhoe - Estate of Thomas Potter Macqueen - situated in Co. of Brisbane on the banks of the Hunter River. 168 miles from Sydney. Named Segenhoe after the Segenhoe Manor in which T.P. Macqueen was born in Bedfordshire in 1791.

Selwood - Estate of Charles Macquarie, Hunter River

Serpent creek - A stream situated in Co. of Gloucester; flows into the Karuah river

Seven Oaks - Estate on the Paterson River

Shallanah - Mansion in Barker Street Newcastle adjoining Jesmond House. Built by J.R. Hall

Shepherd's Hill - Newcastle. Named by Lieut. Paterson because it resembled sheep grazing hills in England. Known earlier as Sheep Pasture Hills. (aboriginal name Khanterin) . See Barrallier's 1801 map [31]

Sherwood - situated in Co. of Durham on the Wattle ponds 7 miles from Singleton; estate of Henry Dangar

Shingle splitters Point - Balcolyn, Lake Macquarie. Timber cutters used to make wooden roofing tiles from the casuarina trees that grew here. Sara family

Shortt's Farm - Grant to Francis Shortt - Hunter River

Shortland - After Lieut. John Shorthand who on September 8 1797 Discovered the estuary of the Hunter River and the site of Newcastle while searching for escaped convicts

Siddon's Swamp - Raymond Terrace area . Named for Richard Siddons

Signal Hill - also known as Allan's Hill and Fort Scratchley - Soldiers camped there in 1878 - Newcastle

Silo Hill - Stroud - Underground silos built there in 1841

Simpson's Mount - Co. Northumberland, a high peak in the parish of Lockyer 9 miles S. of Wollombi

Simpson's Pass - situated in Co. Northumberland on the Great North Road about 72 miles from Sydney

Simsville - Stroud district. Named after Canon S. Sim, sometime Incumbent of Stroud [46]

Singleton - After Benjamin Singleton, one of the party that discovered the district on 17 March 1820.Situated at Patrick's Plains in parish of Whittingham, Co. Northumberland on the south bank of the Hunter River

Skellator - Estate of Sir Francis Forbes. Kamilaroi aboriginal name Tamindi

Skye Point - Coal Point, Lake Macquarie - One of the names given to Thelkeld's Estate

Smedmore - Named after a place in Dorset, England. Estate near Wickham, Newcastle. Later known as Maryville after the wife of James Hannell.

Smith's Lake - Said to be named after Peter Smith an assigned convict to surveyor James Ralfe

Snapper Island (or Snapper-hole Island) - An island situated in the county of Northumberland on the river Hunter to the northward of Moscheto Island. Now part of Kooragang

Snapper Island - An island situated in Co. of Gloucester in the harbour of Port Stephens

Snodgrass Bay, Co. Gloucester, small bay on the Myall Lakes

Snodgrass Valley - Also known as No-grass valley. Also known as Twelve Mile Hollow, later became known as Ten Mile Hollow. On the Great North Road (Sir Thomas Mitchell)

Soldier's Beach - near Norah Head

Soldier's Point (Port Stephens) - So named because soldiers were stationed there to intercept runaway convicts on their way from the penal settlement of Port Macquarie to Newcastle. Earlier name Friendship Point [46]

Solodunna - in the district of Liverpool Plains. station of Messrs Smith and Harper

Somersby - Gosford district. - named after a place in Lincolnshire, England [46]

Sophia Creek - Flows into Guangua Creek. Co. Brisbane

Spectacle Island - Small island at the estuary of the Hunter River and east of Moscheto Island . Now part of Kooragang

Spectacle Island - Lake Macquarie

Speer's Point - May be named after William Speer who purchased 1280 acres there in 1870. The aborigines had called the spot Milloba or Biddaba. William Brooks was first granted this land

Spion Kopp - Kurri Kurri district. Named after one of the battle fields of the Boer War in South Africa [46]

Spit Island - Hunter River. First named Needle Island by Lieut. Paterson in 1801

Spit Island - situated in Co. of Northumberland on the Hunter River to the South of Ash Island

Splitter's Creek - Runs into the Page River

Springfield - Galgal area. Upper Hunter

Spring Ridge - Quirindi district (descriptive) [46]

Staffordshire Cottage - Opposite the Church of England East Maitland

St Albans - a town situated on the Macdonald river in Co. Northumberland. Named after the City of St Albans in Hertfordshire, England

St. Aubyns - Estate of William Dumaresq - Upper Hunter

St. Aubyns - Town situated Co. Brisbane on Dartbrook

St. Clair - Singleton district. Belonged to George Loder of Abbey Green

St. Germans Meadow - near Kingdon Ponds - Dangar's Map [29]

St. Heliers - Estate of Henry Dumaresq - Upper Hunter near the confluence of Dartbrook (Kamilaroi aboriginal name Boorumbeelah)

St. Heliers Creek - Weeduran

St. Hillier's Brook, Co. Durham, an eastern tributary of the Hunter River falling into it to the N. of Muswellbrook. [37]

St. Kilda Boarding and Eating House - Watt St. Newcastle 1869. Next door to the Albion Hotel.

St. Ronan's - 18 Bingle Street, The Hill

Stanford - a parish situated in Co. Northumberland; bounded on the N. by the parish of Heddon; on the E. by the parish of Stockrington; and W. by Pokolbin. Cessnock district

Stanford Merthyr - Kurri Kurri district. Named after a place in Wales [46]

Stanhope - A parish situated in Co. of Durham bounded on the N. by Tangorin; on the S. by the Hunter River; on the E. by Wolsingham; and on the W. by Marwood. Singleton district

Steele Street, Newcastle - named after James Steele, Colliery Engineer for the A.A. Co. [3]

Stewarts Brook - Scone district. flows into the Hunter river near Castle Sempill. (Stewards Brook on Dixon's map [30])

Stingaree Point - Dora Creek - Peninsula of land on the south bank of Dora Creek.

Stockade - Newcastle - near the Custom House. Known as No. 3 Stockade 1830s. An amusement hall adjoined the Stockade late 1800's.

Stockrington - a parish situated in County of Northumberland; bounded on the N. by the parish of Maitland; on the W. by the parishes of Stanford and Heddon; and on the E. by the parish of Hexham. Cessnock district

Stockton - Town situated in parish of Stockton, co. of Gloucester opposite the town of Newcastle. In 1797 named Point Kent by Lieut. Shortland. Also called 'Pirates Point' as the result of escaped convicts being shipwrecked on the peninsula in 1800. Burrinbingon or Buringmon, was the Aboriginal name for Stockton meaning a land of plenty with food in abundance.

Stodart Valley - situated in the district of Liverpool plains; watered by one of the tributaries of the Gwydir river.

Stoneybatter - George Hall's run on the Macdonald River

Stony Creek, Co. Northumberland, an eastern tributary of Black Creek crossing the Maitland and Wollombi Road at Bishops Bridge.

Stoney Creek - Early name for Farley

Stoney Creek - Blackalls Park

Stradbroke - Estate of William Munnings Arnold formerly Macquarie Farm. Paterson

Stratford - Gloucester district - Named after Stratford-on-Avon in Warwickshire, England [46]

Strathearn - parish situated in Co. of Brisbane bounded on the E. by Dartbrook; on the S. by Ellis

Strathilsa Estate - Paterson

Stroud - Village named after a place in Gloucestershire, England by Robert Dawson. Situated on the Karuah river. Headquarters of the A.A. Co in 1848

Strowan - Estate of George Bowman and later Robertson family

Stylesgrove - Named after Henry Styles. Also known as The Big Swamp, Hexham.

Sugar Bay - area on Lake Macquarie where a sugar plantation existed. Brightwaters

Sugarloaf Creek - At its junction with Wollombi brook on the Great North Road in the Co. of Northumberland is 92 miles from Sydney

Sugarloaf Creek - Dungog district. Formerly known as Derriga Creek

Sugarloaf Point - On the coast to the north of Port Stephens and near the north end of Myall lake

Sugarloaf - Mount Sugarloaf, also known as Great Sugar Loaf, is a mountain in the lower Hunter Region overlooking the cities of Newcastle, Lake Macquarie, Cessnock and Maitland. Early name for Watagan Mountains

Sugeebag - a branch of Mangrove Creek, Co. Northumberland

Summerhill - Near Wallsend and Plattsburg. Subdivision of J.W. Brook's estate

Summer Hill - Grant to Edward Kealy - Paterson River

Summer Hill Station - neary Wearys Creek - John Single

Susan Gilmore Beach - Newcastle - named for the Susan Gilmore which was wrecked there in 1884

Swamp Creek - flowing into Fishery Creek near Maitland

Swamp Oak - In the district of Liverpool Plains on Swamp-oak creek 70 miles from Murrurundi. Station of Peter Brodie.

Swan Bay - Port Stephens district. Descriptive [46]

Swan Reach - A reach about 1 km long on the Hunter River. Located about 4 km downstream from the junction of Paterson River with Hunter River.

Swansea - After the seaport of that name in Wales by Captain R.H. Talbot one of the pioneers of the shipbuilding trade there who fancied that he perceived some resemblance to the Welsh coal port

Sweetman's Creek - Wollombi - named after William Sweetman, a settler there who married a daughter of Corporal Budd in 1835 [46].